Home » 2017 » December » 30 » Why is the future of the European Union uncertain?
By Constantin Radut
At the end of 2017, the question often arises: why the future of the European Union is uncertain.
Many point their attention to Brexit. But the departure of the United Kingdom from the EU is a matter of concern for continental Europe since London made its first step in joining the European Economic Community. De Gaulle opposed both in 1963 and in 1964, considering the Great Britain will play the role of the "Trojan horse" of the US against European interests. After being finally admitted to the EU in 1973, the Great Britain has caused major headache for Europeans, due to its claims of the former colonial capital.
44 years after its accession, the United Kingdom decided, by popular vote, to leave the EU. The main reason was that Brussels is undermining the capabilities of developing and modernizing English society and its privileged relations with the US.
The UK's decision to leave the EU borders is accompanied by an increasingly obvious rupture between the EU's East and West.
Accepted in the EU in two waves, 2004 and 2007 (Croatia in 2013), the former communist states of Eastern Europe have immediately become commercially profitable for Western Europe's strong states. Germany, France, the Netherlands, Italy invaded the economies of the former Communist states and transformed them into commercial colonies. It was worse and more disastrous than in the Soviet era of Stalin, Hrusciov and Brezhnev.
Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, in 1989, until their admission to the EU, former communist countries have been "disarmed", barbarously, by the West of Europe. With the exception of the Czech Republic, the Eastern states have almost completely lost their industrial structure. Poland has been deprived of the great ports of the Baltic Sea and the naval industry. Hungary has quickly transformed into a semi-agricultural state. Slovakia was left without the metallurgical industry, the only it inherited from the former Czechoslovakia.
Romania and Bulgaria have been and are the most deprived states in the EU. The Romanian industry was destroyed wildly in the first 5-6 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall. The tractors industry has died in 2-3, the Black Sea naval shipyards have been bankrupt. Out of the 11 steel plants, which produced 14 million tons of steel, today there is one. Romania's steel production does not exceed 3.5-4 million tons. In order to be humiliated by the great powers, Romania and Bulgaria have been declared "corrupt states" and imposed a Verification and Cooperation Mechanism. Due to this clause included in the Accession Treaties, the two states are not admitted to the Schenghen Area on the free movement of persons. An unscrupulous decision supported by embarrassed and ultra-conservative governments in Berlin and Hague.
In the post-accession period, the support of the EU's tough nucleus was directed to Poland. Mainly political support, because Germany had the interest that her neighbor from the east be happy and not blow in front. The other states were treated according to the interests of Berlin and Paris. Hungary has become a pole of attraction, by virtue of its past revansard, Slovakia in the interest of not creating a great discrepancy between Prague and Bratislava.
Romania and Bulgaria have remained on the periphery of the EU. They did not have any "allies" in the West. Unlike Warsaw, which was overwhelmed by the Weimar triangle, Romania was subjected to strong pressure to give up any development project. Economic policies after 1989 have helped to increase the gap between the east of the country on the one hand and the central and western parts of the country on the other. The main promoter of this policy was Germany. The over 5,000 companies with German capital in Romania are installed in areas where ethnic Germans lived in Romania in the past, especially in the center and west of the country.
In the last 3-4 years, the former communist states in the EU have begun to see reality with other eyes. Many governments in these states have understood that the imperialist interests of Germany, France, the Netherlands have brought benefits only to them, not to the East. Poland is the champion of this "riot". Jarosław Kaczyński's nationalist government is against the colonial policies of Bruxelles. The dispute between Warsaw and Brussels is at a critical moment, as the EU's big powers want to impose drastic sanctions on Poland because the Warsaw Parliament addopted many laws on the judiciary. Warsaw says the country's parliament is sovereign. Warsaw does not accept the political line of Bruxelles. Warsaw has not in the past accepted Moscow's tough policy.
In her turn, Hungary, led by ultraconservator Viktor Orban, juggles with Brussels, threatening with the Moscow and Beijing. The economic benefits that Russia and China offer are stronger than the small factories developed by the Germans in Hungary.
The Czech Republic has for many years a neutral attitude towards Brussels. It is not interested in the euro zone or the EU projects.
In the last year, Romania seems to recover from her lethargy. The Social Democrat government in Bucharest seems determined to declare the sovereign country to the big powers in the western EU. Because of this, most Western European countries have started a systematic attack on the Bucharest government.
The aversion of the states in the eastern EU towards the pro-colonial policy of Brussels makes an ever deeper pit between the old EU states and the new EU states.
This is the real stakes of the future of the EU: collaboration between equal states or Europe with more speeds.
If the President Macron's project is to materialize, then we can say with certainty that the EU is beginning to enter into a the structural coma.
And the future of the EU will break.
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