Our Jews from Romania
By Constantin Radut
I did not intend to write about the Jews in Romania. Nor about their history. Nor about their sufferings. Nor about my feeling about the Jews.
My reason is simple: I have never made a distinction between the Romanian and the Jewish races. I had the opportunity to do it, but it did not seem necessary, I did not have any questions to ask me about differences between me, as a Romanaian, and other Romanians of Jewish ethnicity.
I learned the journalism at Resita from a Jew. He signed with the name Eugen Fieraru. But he called him Fried. There, in the small provincial department, until the 1980s, when I left Resita, more than 30% of the staff were of Jewish origin. Never in those years did I know what a hostile feeling about Jews is.
When I was a student I once entered the Synagogue on Dionisie Lupu Street, where the Academy of Economic Studies had a student home. It seemed to me something special in my life as a student. I've discovered something new. It was not a sense of hostility.
Now, in the same way, I think. More than 15 years ago, we happened to be in Brasov with a Jewish family from Israel. She was native to Romania. He was born in Argentina.People open to and passionate about their past, especially the Romanian one. I've been in touch with them for almost 10 years. We have seen many times in Romania and Warsaw, where I worked for a few years. We really liked them very much. Me and my wife. We were writing, talking on the phone. Suddenly, the links between us disappeared. We now wonder what happened to them. Could they have had tribulations because of the military situation between Israel and the Palestinians? I do not know. Anyway, I'm sorry we can not communicate with them anymore.
I knew the current president of the Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania, Aurel Vainer. Before the fall of the Ceausescu regime. He was a dignitary at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania. High quality man. I enjoy every time I see him attending various events as a parliamentarian in the Romanian Parliament.
Over the last two years, a real campaign to recover the Jewish past of some cities is taking place in Romania. Perhaps others are not doing much. But openness exists.
A synagogue, almost 150 years old, has been restored in Suceava. It's an important thing. And for the history of the city and for the history of the Jews in Romania.
The General Mayor of Bucharest has a project to regenerate a whole neighborhood, in Bucharest, to be renamed the Jewish Quarter. So good! Through such projects our Bucharest will regain a new nuance of the European Capital. It is a pity that on the Dudesti Way, until now, nothing has been done to recover a famous area of Jewish merchants.
I write these lines with optimism and with some sadness. I see what is happening in Poland with the effects of a Holocaust Law. I do not know where the truth is. But I think Jews and Jewish institutions are right. The Warsaw government has given a law banning the nomination of the two Jews extermination camps in Poland's current territory. If you talk about them, you'll be taken to prison for up to three years.
It's like something unbelievable.
It's like too much.
The Jews have been part of our history. From the history of the Romanians, of the Poles, of many peoples.
As far as I am concerned, I am sorry for the following fact: now there are almost 250,000 Jews originating in Romania or descendants of theirs in Israel. In Romania there are only a few thousand, not more than 10 thousand. Maybe some will return to Romania ...(rbj/09.03.2018).
Laura Codruta Kovesi, the fruit of megalomania and corruption
By Constantin Radut
For a long time, this woman, the former Hanbalist, daughter of a communist prosecutor in central Romania, is in the public eye. Kovesi is the name he retained after his former husband. Now she's a widow. Her birth name is Laura Codruta Lascu.
She is the focus of media coverage in the region and some of the parties fighting for power in Bucharest. Laura Codruta Kovesi was promoted by former President Traian Basescu, from a prosecutor in a provincial town, head of the General Prosecutor's Office of Romania. Now she leads a subordinate authority of the General Prosecutor's Office: the Authority is called the National Anti-Corruption Directorate (DNA).
Basescu was a sinister figure in Romania's politics. In order to annihilate his Romanian counterparts, he set up prosecutor structures to send politicians and businessmen who were not in his favor when he was president.
In this way the so-called fight against corruption arose.
Let's get clear. There is corruption in Romania. But no bigger than other countries in Europe or the world. Not bigger, for example, than in Germany or France or Austria.
For several years on the agenda of the prosecutors led by Laura Codruta Kovesi there are two cases of high corruption. One named "Microsoft File" and the other named "EADS File". For over 10 years these files have not been resolved by the National Anticorruption Directorate led by Laura Codruta Kovesi. Why? Because one involves the a big American company and the second a largest German company EADS.
The two companies used businessmen and politicians in Bucharest to sell specific products by breaking the law. It is said that Microsoft and EADS have won auctions in Romania by using hundreds of millions of dollars in illicit actions. They are not researched by the institution led by Laura Codruta Kovesi. Why? Because they "upset" US or Germany.
But, instead, dozens of local political and business people appear in numerous DNA files. Many of these political figures are found by the judges as innocent. But they were taken from home and they were given false information that they were corrupt.
The megalomania and the lie have made the famous National Anticorruption Directorate and Laura Codruta Kovesi.
In the last days in the audiovisual media were the cases of two corrupt DNA prosecutors. They interpreted the law according to their meschine and total interests outside of professional deontology. They were protected by Laura Codruta Kovesi. The media pressure was so strong that the DNA boss, Mrs. Kovesi, had to come out in the press conference to defend herself. Unfortunately, Ms. Kovesi used an arsenal of political arguments in the press conference to create the impression that politicians in power are pushing her and her institution outside the prerogatives .
Mrs. Kovesi's method is "divide et impera".
This method is not correct. Laura Codruta Kovesi will be the victim of her own method of leading the anti-corruption fight.
The anti-corruption fight in Romania, as well as in other civilized states, must be carried out within the framework of the law and with legal weapons.
Romania, like other states, needs to fight corruption. But not with the dishonest weapons of DNA prosecutors. (rbj/17.02.2018)
Panie Michnik, do not be a man cook
By Constantin Radut
Recently, Adam Michnik's name appears on some websites in Romania. It is said to have sent a letter to a Romanian NGO and expressing its solidarity with the actions of the activists that propagate the chaos on the streets of Bucharest.
We searched google.ro and found the following: "I would like to express my full solidarity with the civic movement's protest in Romania, which demands the lawful punishment of all politicians responsible for corruption. Corruption is a poison. And the civil moves against corrupt politicians bring pride to the Romanian democracy. I want the success of the civic protest with all my heart. '. Sign these few words Adam Michnik.
I was worried by the "interest" manifested by A.M. for the street protests of groups of young people manipulated and paid from occult funds (as some have said).
Because we knew Adam Michnik concerned about the major issues of the Polish society today.
I lived in Warsaw for several years, and I found one thing: the Polish nation feels stressed and are the fearful by his history. The Polish nation feels a pressure of the past centuries in which Polish nationalism has been swept by either Germans or Russians or Ukrainians. And as there is no way to change history, Poland and the Poles began after 1989 to see as enemies all who disagree with it.
In recent years, in Jarosław Kaczyński's rule, Poland is also able to make a man's death to impose its point of view.
Is not democratic. Nor worthy of a 21st-century society.
I was expecting Adam Michnik to be more careful and concerned about his current situation today.
I wanted, for example, to find out a clear and visionary attitude of the conflict that the Government and Parliament of Warsaw opened with Israeli on the Holocaust. The fact that the law on Hitler's concentration camps in the present-day territory of Poland wants to blow the sponge with a historical truth. A truth that researchers in Israel do not agree with.
I read today in the Haaaretz daily an article titled: Death Camps Were not 'Polish' - but Poles Were Bad Enough To The Jews Without Them, Holocaust Historian Says. ''
In its contents it is shown: 'Many Jews in Poland... were murdered not in the death camps but at the hands of the Poles.'
"This is something that Poland does not want to own and apparently what this new law is trying to cover up," she says. "During the Holocaust, in quite a few small communities in the Lomza district of Poland, the locals have murdered their Jewish neighbors. And Kielce was not the only place where Jews - some of them sole survivors of their families - were killed by the Poles after the war ended. "
Panie Michnik, these are crucial issues for today's history. In Poland and Romania.
It is not the "revolt" of young imberbands who are urged by political circles to set down a government elected by the universal vote of the Romanians.
I urge you, Panie Michnik, to stand by the base that your recent history has raised.
Do not go down in the mad rush of the street.
Because you are not Mircea Dinescu from Bucharest. Which of the 'dissident' in the Ceusescu regime became a poor chef on the Danube. (rbj/29.01.2018)
Hungarian irredentism provokes and signs
By Constantin Radut
The past days, a document of some Hungarian political formations in Romania about the autonomy of some Romanian counties in which
Hungarians live, was published in the public space. It is an old story, kept on the agenda of the two states, Romania and Hungary, since the signing of the Treaty of Trianoan in 1920. By the Treaty of Trianon, the winning powers in World War I, including Romania, set the new frontiers as a result of the war that led to the creation of the new modern states today and their borders.
Among other things, Romania has become a great country by the will of all Romanian regions, and Hungary has had to give up territories that did not belong to it. The Hungary surrendered some the territories to Austria, Czechoslovakia, the Kingdom of Romania, the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (subsequently Yugoslavia).
Since then, the Hungarian irredentism has always maintained a state of alarm and instability in the Romanian-Hungarian relations.
After the ultra-nationalist Viktor Orban came to power, the Hungarian irredentism became very harsh.
Budapest is interfering with domestic affairs in Romania and always causes tension.
In Romania, the Hungarian population is very small, of almost 1.2 million inhabitants, out of a total of 20 million as the population of Romania. Budapest always demands autonomy rights for two counties: Harghita and Covasna. In the two counties there live almost 350 thousand inhabitants, and the population of Hungarian origin is the majority.
Over the past few days, three Hungarian political parties in Romania sent a petition to Bucharest asking for administrative autonomy for the two counties.
The Prime Minister of Romania replied that this would not happen: "I keep very clear the position that Romania's territorial integrity is not negotiable in any way".
It is heard that the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Hungarian Parliament will meet on Tuesday for a special meeting in which the remarks of the Romanian Prime Minister on the efforts of autonomy will be discussed. That's what the ruling party's parliamentary group, Fidesz says, says the MTI agency.
So, after what is provocative, the Budapest government becomes even more aggressive than it was.
It is the duplicate and unacceptable policy of Budapest.
The same aggressive policy is led by Orban and his party with Brussels.
Budapest threatens the European Union that if it does not change its migration policy, then Budapest will turn its attention to China.
This is the Hungarian politician. Aggressive and vengeful as well as the Hun tribes of Atilla in the Middle Ages.(rbj/15.01.2018)
To the German Ambassador to Bucharest: You are not fair and objective
By Constantin Radut
For a few months, a bizarre fight in the so-called laws of justice is taking place in Romania. In fact, there are amendments to some laws of justice in force since 2005. These laws have been amended by the Constitutional Court of Romania and European Union directives.
The proposals to amend the 2005 legislation are necessary and mandatory to comply with the Constitutional Court's observations and those issued by EU institutions.
However, a minority of "fighters" in the defense of justice has been created in Romania. In reality, they are the shield of political interests promoted by both political parties and circles hostile to the modernization of the judiciary in Romania.
Surprisingly, some diplomatic missions accredited in Bucharest have also rallied to the "claims" of some protesters.
Among them and the embassies of the Netherlands and Germany. The representatives of two states where the extreme right parties are particularly active. The extreme right in the Netherlands, led by the xenophobic and anti-European politician Geert Wilders, became the second parliamentary party in the Netherlands after the elections this spring. From this point of view, Romania has no lessons to learn from the Dutch citizens. Nor from the Embassy of the Netherlands in Bucharest.
As far as Germany is concerned, the ambassador of this country should look at his German garden. After more than three months after the parliamentary elections, Germany has no government invested by Parliament. And it's not even known if he will. Many analysts believe there will be early elections. In this situation, Germany can not be an example for other EU states. Neither for Romania.
However, the head of the German diplomatic mission in Bucharest is guiding a letter saying nothing concrete about the "danger" of justice in Romania.
Here is a quotation from the "embassies letter", which the German Embassy also signs: "We acknowledge that Romania has made significant progress in the last decade in building a roadmap and implementing credible reforms in the field of justice. However, our belief is that recent laws on the reform of the judiciary in their current form, as well as the recent amendments to the Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code. They risk endangering these advances. "
And what are the risks, gentlemen ambassadors? Can anyone know what are the illegalities of the new laws of Romanian justice? There is nothing concrete in the embassies letter. Your words are empty.
In order to make the embassies in question bring concrete elements, the Romanian Parliament translated the amended texts into English. The translation will be handed by the Foreign Ministry to each embassy interested.
But surprise, that's not good either.
Today, the diplomatic mission of Germany in Bucharest has stated that it has not received from the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs the translation of the laws of justice ... in the embassy are working "many diplomats with Romanian knowledge who were able to carry out a translation or an analysis of the texts ".
Well, if the embassy knows the texts approved by the Romanian Parliament please to tell us what is wrong. To talk at the street corner is simple.
We are addressing the Head of the German diplomatic mission to Bucharest: "Mr. Ambassador, you are not fair and objective."
And something else: Since you and your colleagues, the signatories of the letter, are you entitled to interfere in the domestic affairs of Romania?
As in Berlin, in Bucharest, the Parliament is the legislative forum of the country. His decisions can be appealed to the Constitutional Court. You and others like you do not have the legal right to affect the sovereignty of Romania. Neither the Parliament of Romania.
It would be wise to present you "mea culpa" to the Romanians citizens.
We remind you that the right and extremeright parties were not elected in the Romanian Parliament. In Berlin this phenomenon exists.
Sad for the Germany, sad for the Europe. (rbj/29.12.2017)
Jerusalem: Romania and other servants of the United States
By Constantin Radut
Romania and other East European satellites of the US sold for a handful of dollars and abstained at the UN General Assembly vote on Jerusalem.
Among the eastern European states that voted for the resolution that condemned the US decision to establish the embassy in Jerusalem are: Slovakia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Lithuania. All Western European states have voted the same.
Romania abstained, along with Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Croatia.
Romania's attitude demonstrates the status of servileism towards the US and against its interests in the Middle East.
The confirmation of this status is given by today's statement of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) president, the main party in power in Bucharest. "Romanian authorities should seriously think about moving the Romanian Embassy to Israel in Jerusalem," said Liviu Dragnea, PSD leader, "the President of the Chamber of Deputies."
In a press release issued on Thursday evening, the MFA reiterates Romania's continued commitment to the efforts of the international community to contribute to a just and lasting settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, in line with the interests of both sides, and to ensuring peace and stability in the Middle East.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs believes that the promotion of the draft resolution on the status of Jerusalem comes at a time when caution should be exercised, and considers it necessary at this stage to relaunch the direct dialogue with a view to unlocking the peace process.
Consequently, Romania has voted to "abstain" within the UN General Assembly, the Foreign Ministry said.
The MAE communicator is full of empty words, he does not show a clear position of Romania in this matter.
Romania is moving away from the Middle East, with which it has very good relations.
It should not be forgotten that the regime led by Nicolae Ceausescu was the first in the Communist bloc that recognized the state of Israel and was an active mediator between Israel and the Palestinians. (rbj/22.12.2017)
Demography kills Romania?
By Constantin Radut
I have said many times that the most important issue of Romania is neither economy nor justice. Romania's priority is demography. No government since 1990 has been concerned with the ever-decreasing number of the country's population.
Two are the elements in this area.
First is the number of newborns. It decreases every month in the year. The year 2017 is the first in which there has been no positive population growth in any month. Every month, the number of live births was lower than the number of deaths. Population growth was negative.
Secondly, it is the aging of the population. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Romania had the age pyramid on a very broad basis. This shows that the population was young and the country had a beautiful perspective.
Today, the population over 44 years has a share of 60% in the total population. The pyramid of the ages is inverted, with the bottom down. The causes are: poor population, low fertility of women, foreign migration of the Romanians. Of the over 3 million Romanians currently living in exodus in various European states and around the world, about 80% of people are able to procreate, to have children.
We no longer live in an autocratic regime. No one can dictate to a couple to have children and how many. Unlike other states, Romania has no ban on procreation. Even if they did, that would not solve demographic problems. We see what is happening in Poland, where under the pressure of the Catholic Church, the government can lead to the imprisonment of a woman who has aborted.
Nothing can be done with force. Especially children.
But a proactive demographic policy is needed. What must be this policy? It's hard to say. To have a demographic policy, state authorities, starting with the country's president, are required to create a special institution that sets short and long-term goals.
We are not the first country to be in a demographic crisis. In the 1960s, France was very disturbed by its demographic decline. He has found solutions.
Sure, Romania does not have the possibilities of France. Romania can not open the gates of immigration. It would have no results.
But a thorough study and pro-active policies for demographic growth are mandatory.
The Demography can not kill Romania.(rbj/11.12.2017)
Baltics, Poles and Czechs, the most alcoholic citizens in the EU
By Constantin Radut
A study published yesterday by Eurostat shows that the EU citizens spends huge sums on alcoholic beverages. For some states, the amounts are so large that you are wondering if the structural funds they distribute by the EC are not diverted for ingesting huge amounts of alcohol.
Eurostat noted it clear that alcohol expenditure of households in EU countries does not include alcoholic beverages paid for in restaurants and hotels.
In 2016, households in the European Union (EU) spent 1.6% of their total consumption expenditure on alcoholic beverages. This represents a total expenditure of almost €130 billion, equivalent to 0.9% of EU GDP or over €250 per EU inhabitant.
Households' annual expenditure on alcoholic beverages is roughly equivalent to their expenditure on medical products, appliances and equipment, and slightly higher than what they spent on social protection or education in 2016.
Weight of household expenditure on alcohol highest in the Baltic EU Member States
In 2016, across the EU Member States for which data are available, households in the three Baltic States devoted the largest share of their total expenditure to alcoholic beverages: Estonia (5.6%), Latvia (4.8%) and Lithuania (4.2%). They were followed by the Czech Republic and Poland (both 3.6%), Hungary and Finland (both 2.9%).
Per capita, Estonians spend over 300 euros per year, Poles and Czechs between 240-290 euros.
In Romania, the share of alcohol spending in each household is 2.7%, and the cost of the cops is 130 euros.
At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest proportions of household spending on alcoholic beverages were recorded in Spain (0.8%), Greece and Italy (both 0.9%), ahead of Austria (1.3%), Portugal (1.4%) and Germany (1.5%).
Share of expenditure on alcohol increased the most in Cyprus and the Czech Republic
Between 2006 and 2016, the share of alcoholic beverages in total household expenditure remained roughly stable in the vast majority of Member States.
The highest increases over this 10-year period were recorded in Cyprus (from 1.6% of total household expenditure in 2006 to 2.0% in 2016, or a rise of 0.4 percentage points – pp) and the Czech Republic (also + 0.4 pp, from 3.2% to 3.6%).
In contrast, the share of alcoholic beverages in total household expenditure fell significantly between 2006 and 2016 in Lithuania (from 5.2% in 2006 to 4.2% in 2016, or a decrease of 1.0 pp), Bulgaria, Latvia and Finland (all -0.5 pp). (rbj/06.12.2017)
Germany: Neo-Nazi attack against Romanian working legally in a German company
By Constantin Radut
On the National Day of Romania-1 December, the Romanians from abroad did not enjoy the great celebration of their country. Nor did they have a free day, as it happens with foreign communities resident in Romania.
Moreover, some of the Romans continue to be subjected to acts of contempt and injustice In Italy, Spain, France, anywhere in Europe.
What happened on 1 December with a group of 40 Romanians living in the small village of Bergkamen in Germany goes beyond normal. And it throws us into the temptation of Hitler's years, in which all foreign communities have been banished or exterminated.
So, on 1 December 2017, around 6 am. the campus where 33 Romanians from Romania and 8 from the Republic of Moldova legally lived was burned. 8 people are in serious state of smoke poisoning from car tires that have been burned inside the property. Other dozens of people have been hospitalized.
The building was located in a small shopping area. According to Mayor Schäfer, "there are workers working for a construction company in Unna". When the fire broke out, not everyone was in the house. All the wounded were taken to the hospitals.
Although 48 hours have passed, now, when we write, the local police did not identified the killer.
Unauthorized sources argue that it is a act of xenophobia, intentional attack by an individual or a group of individuals.
The German press closed the issue.
Nobody says anything about the state of the eight people poisoned with smoke.
Nobody says anything about the status of the Romanians wounded in the fight with fire.
Nobody says anything about the circumstances in which the incident occurred.
The incident is a clear warning of the rise of the neo-Nazi movement in Germany.
It's definitely not a haphazard event.
If the German police no longer sulphate a word about the fascist act at Bergkamen, the German politicians, including Angela Merkel, should show their position of disapproval. But no German politician did that.
Neither the German Ambassador to Bucharest has breathed a word.
The conclusion is clear: the Germans show their true face to the Romans. Hate and contempt.
Romanians! Go back to your home. The bread from your home was not and will never be poisoned. (rbj/02.12.2017)
Americans need to know: You are no longer the gendarme of the world!
By Constantin Radut
Although the colonial era has gone to history, there are Western governments that are always interfering with the domestic affairs of other states. Directly or indirectly. Discreetly or in big mouth.
This is how the US State Department made yesterday a series of remarks on the activity of the Romanian Parliament on the website of the State Department . In Bucharest, for more than three months, the issue of improving laws on the functioning of justice has been debated. At the proposal of the Justice Minister, for almost a month, a special committee in the Parliament is drafting a bill. The proposals are aimed at avoiding the violation by prosecutors and courts of the provisions of the Constitution.
In this respect, the project under consideration in the Parliament proposes to include in the laws of justice the decisions of the Constitutional Court in Romania and the provisions in this field of EU directives. The Bucharest Parliament intends to debate and approve, shortly, this project that will put more responsibility on the shoulders of judges and prosecutors, including the institutions dealing with the fight against corruption in Romania.
In this context, a US State Department's website presents a brief statement by which the Bucharest Parliament is urged to put an end to the proposals to improve and modernize the legal legal framework in Romania.
Why does the US Department of State address directions to the Romanian Parliament? Because that's what he wants. The State Department does not realize it is an American government institution that interferes with the work of another country's legislative force. Do you think that in the US, the State Department or other government department headed by Donald Trump sends letters of warning to the American Congress? Not. It is forbidden by the US Constitution.
And in Romania too. The Government does not make suggestions or suggestions on Parliament's work.
"The United States notes with concern that the Parliament of Romania is considering legislation that could undermine the fight against corruption and weaken judicial independence in Romania," reads a press statement entitled "Romania: Proposals Affecting the Independence of Judiciary," belonging to US Department of State Spokesperson Heather Nauert.
We do not ask how Heather Nauert knows if the Bucharest Parliament is doing good or bad if it wants to change the legislation in the Romanian legal area.
But we wondered how an American government institution allowed it to say to the supreme institution from another country, namely Romania, how and what to do and not to do.
A crude mix in domestic affairs in Romania.
That's why I urge the Americans, especially the Donald Trump Administration, to take the example from French President Emmanuel Macron. Macron said on Tuesday that he was getting away from his predecessors, saying he was from a generation that did not want to tell the Africans what to do, and that he wanted to focus his efforts on repairing Africa's relations with Europe.
"I am from a generation that does not want to tell the Africans what to do," Macron said in a speech addressed to students in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso. "I am from a generation for whom Nelson Mandela's victory is one of the most beautiful political memories," the French leader confessed.
That's what Mr. Trump is. You see there in America of your problems, including racial, and let the rest of the states solve their internal problems according to the capacity and experience of each country.
I refer to the democratic states and those that are the US allies.
US is no longer the gendarmes of the world.
Every boy in Washington and Bucharest knows it. (rbj?28.11.2017)
The Financial Times is lying or he was lied
By Constantin Radut
At the first hour of the morning, the press agencies and the daily newspapers in Bucharest had a text published yesterday in the online edition of the Financial Times. Under the title "Romania cuts pension contributions from 5.1% to 3.75%", FT criticized in aggressive terms the Bucharest Government for reducing its contribution to what calls the second pension pillar. I do not know who wrote the article in FT and nor did I have the curiosity to give 1 Euro to read the text in the original.
It is essential that the Romanian Press Agency, Agerpres, opened today, November 20, its edition with this text from the FT.
The text with the above-mentioned title says that "about 7 million Romanian employees will suffer a significant reduction in future pensions following Government reforms".
There is sorrow and a lot of lies in the whole text of the FT. Firstly, it does not specify exactly what kind of private pension is concerned. We say: about mandatory private pensions. This is what Romania is called the second pension pillar. It consists of the social insurance contribution of 10.5% of the gross salary of each employee. From 10.5%, respectively, the state automatically dislocade, not the employee, 5.1% to the Pillar 2 pension account. Therefore, the Pillar 2 of the pension is constituted by the state's willingness to pass almost half the volume of social contributions to the account of a private administrator who is called the Private Pension Administrator. The administrator is elected by each person according to the information at his disposal. Among the first private funds in Romania was ING Bank. Now, ING Bank's pension fund is called NN pensions. In fact, the most private fund managers are foreign entities, or foreign-owned companies.
If tomorrow a bankruptcy is going on with these institutions that administer private pension funds, the amounts accumulated there would disappear without a trace.
That is why countries such as Poland and Hungary have decided that the pension pillar 2 will be nationalized / abolished. And the money from this funds returns to the state.
It should be noted that private pension funds in the formula we described above only appeared in former communist countries, where the big Western European financial companies managed to influence (mislead) the governments in power now 1 -2 decades. In Romania, the pension pillar 2 was set up in 2008, when the economic boom was obvious, and the social security budget had a surplus. In the pension pillar 2 more than 6 million people are active.
In Romania there is also an optional private pension fund (pension pillar 3). He is little frequented. There are only 500-600,000 people enrolled in Pillar 3, proof that Romanians do not trust such private institutions.
What has the current government done in Bucharest?
By changing the Fiscal Code, the amount of money transferred to the Pillar 2 (privately managed pensions) is reduced to just 3.7% of the total of 10.5%, which is the social contributions of the employees. That's the percentage of the total. In absolute amounts, money to Pillar 2 will be the same as last year. The Labor Minister of the Government has shown that this measure is taken in the context in which, due to the transfer of social contributions from the employer to the employee, all gross salaries will increase and thus the contribution to the pension will increase. The Minister explained very clearly: "These measures come with the reduction of the percentage of payment to Pension Pillar 2, from 5.1 to 3.7%, but (attention!) without affecting the current nominal value. More exactly, the amount paid today to Pillar 2 administrators will be at least the same for the year, but the drop (in percentage) is required as a result of rising gross salaries by 20%. "
You understand, there at FT? Did the service editor understand? We also add that the finance minister in Bucharest spoke very clearly about the fact that the administrators of the facultative private funds in Romania take advantage of the Romanians money either through excessively high wages or through unjustified commissions.
So, the money for the Pension Pillar 2 will not be less, but the tap through which the state flows from the private pension administrators will shrink.
The conclusion: The FT text wanted to lie to the reader or the FT was lied by the person who wrote that text. (20.11.2017)
Austrians from OMV Petrom, accused of damaging the state over 1.2 billion euros, by failing to pay VAT and other taxes
By Constantin Radut
The Austrian company OMV Petrom is accused by the president of a trade union Confederation that it damaged the Romanian state by 7 billion lei (over 1.2 billion euros). The statements on this issue were made at hearings at the Parliamentary Commission on the state of energy of Romania
The ways in which OMV Petrom has circumvented the debts to the Romanian state were non-payment of VAT, taxes on salaries, buildings, land, non-payment of royalties, as well as the recording of over-estimated expenses on soil decontamination presented to the Ministry of Environment. The union leader claims that documents highlighting this state of affairs exist at the Court of Accounts of Romania. The institution would have evidence that OMV Petrom's debts have not been recovered since 2015 to date. OMV Petrom rejects the allegations of non-payment of obligations to the state, the accusations made at the November 9 meeting of the Parliamentary Commission, according to a press release.
In this context, it is noteworthy that the CEO of the company was asked twice by the Parliamentary Commission to explain its unfair behavior on the Romanian energy market. Every time, OMV Petrom CEO refused to appear before the Parliamentary Commission.
This gives even more speculation that both OMV Petrom and other large foreign-owned companies in Romania are among the largest tax evaders in Romania.
In the following period, CEO of OMV Petrom was invited for the third time to the Parliamentary Commission. Other members of the Board of Directors and former Minister of Energy were invited.
The OMV Austria is the main shareholder of OMV Petrom, the former Petrom state-owned company being bought over 15 years ago at a derisory price.
The statements of the trade union leader come as the Government has adopted a package of fiscal measures regarding the increase of revenues to the state budget by each taxpayer observing the tax and parafiscal debts, including VAT.
Also, some parliamentarians and economic analysts show that the biggest damages to the state budget of Romania are brought by the subsidiaries of the foreign banks operating in Romania. In particular, the techniques of some banks to ask for loans at the mother banks with very high interest rates, thus remaining with a very small profit or losses in Romania, are brought to the spotlight. In this way, they do not pay corporation tax, but they enrich their mother banks.
It is worth mentioning that, out of the over 40 banks in Romania, more than 90% are units representing reputable banks in France, Austria, the Netherlands.(rbj/10.11.2017)
The extreme right build the Great Wall in the European Union
By Constantin Radut
The winning of parliamentary elections in Austria by the conservative Sebastian Kurz, president of the Christian Democratic Party (OVP), opens the door to a strong and hostile coalition of European Union policies.
Already, analysts and observers of the future of the EU believe that Brussels needs an urgent debate on its internal policies, especially as regards redefining the role of national states in the EU's austerity, austerity and migration policies in Europe.
Sebastian Kurz fulfills all the criteria to become the leader of a tough and disrespectful alliance with the projects of the two great powers, Germany and France.
Even before the elections, Kurz was made remarked by criticism of Angela Merkel's policy of "refreshing" European blood with immigrants from the Middle East or North Africa.
The coming to power of Sebastian Kurz, as Austrian Chancellor, will create an ultra conservative and revanchist in Central and Eastern Europe. Together with Viktor Orban and Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Sebastian Kurz assumes the quality of barring many of Bruxellex's projects, along with the other two members of the Visegrad Group.
A five-sided Visegrad gives the possibility of the extreme conservative in this part of Europe to impose a Great Wall in the European Union. A Wall of the arrogance, of the claims, and ultimately of the destabilizing the precarious order of the European Union.
In Budapest we hear the humps about Great Hungary, Warsaw does not cease to say that he is entitled to war reparations from Germany.
These are the signs of the beginning ...(rbj/17.10.2017)
The gap between East and West of Europe
By Constantin Radut
Between the East and the West of Europe, unity is only one of the world's eyes. Many Western states, such as the Netherlands, but also the Germany and the France, consider themselves superior and often defy most of the Eastern countries.
The Eastern European states feel frustrated and depressed by the arrogance with which, for example, the Dutch Prime Minister says non-consciously that Romania and Bulgaria have nothing to look for in the Schenhen area. And this, after nearly ten years,the two countries has spent billions of euros on sophisticated equipment purchased from the West to protect the eastern border of the Union.
Hungary demonstrates a fierce stubbornness in not accepting the established refugee quotas, says Budapest, arbitrarily by the bureaucracy in Brussels. Poland feels offended in its dignity because EC Vice-President Frans Timmermans treats Warsaw as imperialists from the colonial era. The opening, also by Warsaw, of the problem of potential war reparations from Germany is a real Pandora’s box.
The gap between the East and the Western European is cracking more and more.(rbj/06.10.2017)